Sukuh temple is an ancient Javanese-Hindu temple that builds around the 15th century.
Many researchers believe that this temple was built when the Majapahit Empire was declining.
This temple is located on the slope of Mount Lawu around 910 meters above sea level and on the border between East and Central Java.
The exact location of this temple is in Bejo village, Argosoyo District, around 35 kilometers from the city of Solo.
This temple stretches from east to west with the main gate at the west side of the temple.
The theme of Sukuh temple is quite different to other temples in Indonesia because the main theme is life before birth and sexual education.
This temple is the only temple in Java that depicted those activities.
The main monument of this temple has a pyramid shape with a simple relief in front of the temple.
The shape of the temple is really similar to the temple of Maya culture in South America.
Sukuh temple also decorated with a lot of wayang relief that originated from Hindu mythology.
The size of this temple is different than other temples such as Prambanan and Borobudur.
The landscaping of this temple is also quite unique with three levels of terraces that connected with each other.
The most significant place is the last terrace located in the back of the temple.
This temple is first discovered by Johnson in 1815 in the period of the Raffles government in Java.
In 1989, the restoration of this temple is finished by Restoration and Maintenance of Prehistoric and Historic Project in Central Java.